- Institutional Strengthening Project
- Shared Vision Program
- Applied Training Project
- Nile Trans-boundary Environmental Action Program
- Regional Power Trade
- Efficient Use of Water for Agriculture Project
- Water Resources Planning and Management Project
- Socio-Economic Development and Benefit Sharing
- Confidence Building and Stakeholder Involvement Project
- Shared Vision Program Coordination
The Socio-economic Development and Benefit Sharing (SDBS) Project aimed at building a network of professionals from economic planning and research institutions, technical experts from the public and private sectors, academics, sociologists, and representatives from civic groups and NGOs from across the basin to explore alternative Nile development scenarios and benefit-sharing schemes.
Policy makers from the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) Member States are more likely to choose to cooperate with one another once they are better informed about the opportunities for cooperation, including options, mechanisms and likely outcomes. The project sought to achieve this by broadening and deepening knowledge of the benefits of trans-boundary cooperation among analysts and decision makers in the riparian states. As part of this, the project established and supported a Nile Trans-boundary Development Network, consisting of institutions of economic planning and research nominated by the Member States, that have worked together to explore in-depth the opportunities for cooperative socio-economic development in the Nile Basin. Topics explored included regional integration, benefit sharing, regional socio-economic development, poverty reduction, sustainable livelihoods, pro-poor tourism and environmental management, power and irrigation as well as regional infrastructure. All of these studies together have added a great wealth of knowledge to the Basin countries.
Nine research institutions implemented the project, carrying out research and serving as project focal points in their respective countries. A Project Steering Committee, composed of two representatives from each Basin country (from Ministries of Water Affairs and Ministry/Department of Economic Planning) provided guidance on project implementation.
The regional project management unit was co-located with the Nile Basin Initiative Secretariat in Entebbe, Uganda.
- To achieve greater awareness, understanding and acceptance by policy makers of the number of benefits that can be achieved by working together to manage and develop the shared Nile waters.
- To establish and promote a sound knowledge base and information on the principles and mechanisms for sharing potential social, economic and environmental benefits.
- To develop skills and ability of key Basin organizations to conduct applied research on regional benefit sharing.
- To develop analytical tools and frameworks needed to design, appraise and negotiate cooperative development projects and initiatives.
Key Outputs/Outcomes Achieved:
The SDBS project has contributed towards the attainment of the NBI vision through its two outcomes:
1. Enhanced appreciation of benefit sharing and regional integration principles and incorporation of these mechanisms into national policies among experts and policy makers.
2. Improved design and implementation of joint investment projects for benefit sharing and regional integration.
Two major outputs
a) Nine Research Reports on Food Security & Livelihood; Cross-Border Trade; and Water and Natural Resources Management. These reports, produced by the Nile Trans-boundary Development Network (NTDN include the main research report, policy briefs and investment programs and implementation strategies.
Food Security and Livelihood (Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan)
- Infrastructure and Food Security in the Nile Basin Region: A Case Study from Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, by the Institute of Development Research, Ethiopia
- Low Agricultural Productivity and Food Insecurity in the Nile Countries, by the Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis
- Food-Poverty-Vulnerability Index Analysis for the Nile Basin Region (Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan), by the Development Studies and Research Institute, Sudan
Cross Border Trade (Egypt, Tanzania and Uganda)
- Physical and Non Physical Barriers to Cross Border Trade in the Navigation of the River Nile, by the Institute of National Planning, Egypt
- The Impact of Regional Power Trade on Poor Communities in the Nile Basin Countries, by the Economic Research Bureau of Tanzania
- Gender and Youth Dimensions in Cross Border Trade and Investment in the Nile Basin Countries, by the Economic Policy Research Centre of Uganda
Water and Natural Resource Management (Rwanda, Burundi and D. R. Congo)
- Policy on “Brown Water” due to Environmental Degradation and Sustainable Resource Use in the Nile Basin Countries, by the National University of Rwanda
- Policies to Reduce Social and Environmental Costs of Trade in Tourism Services in the Nile Basin Countries by, the Centre Universitaire de Recherche pour le Developpement Economique et Social, Burundi
- Amelioration Des Conditions De Vie en Milieu Rural de Bunia, de Djugu et de Mahagi dans le District de L’Ituri by the University of Kinshasa
b) A Framework/Model on Benefit Sharing
The purpose of a Nile Basin Benefit Sharing Framework (BSF) is to assist the countries and regional programs (SAPS) by providing a common understanding upon which riparian states can agree and develop trans-boundary benefit sharing, identify significant benefit sharing opportunities and determine the magnitude of possible benefits and costs.
- Stage one of the Benefit Sharing Framework produced three distinct products: (i) BSF Stage 1 report, (ii) Training module, (iii) Awareness raising on the BSF among 36 participants drawn from NBI institutions and other stakeholders.
- Capacity was built within the participating institutions, as a result of research work undertaken in various themes relevant to poverty reduction.
- Awareness on key poverty related issues in the Basin was improved through a number of meetings to review research reports by stakeholders including Members of Parliament, members of the NBI’s Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), SDBS Project Steering Committee members, civil society, and the private sector
- The project was very complex and expectations high – given the limited human and financial resources allocated to the project, it was not possible realize al the expected project outputs envisaged at its conceptualization stage. However, a great deal of knowledge was produced and objectives achieved. That said, Stage 2 and Stage 3 of the Benefit Sharing Framework are yet to be completed – this needs to be done in moving forward, given the critical important of benefits sharing to the future of a river basin organization.).
- Strengthening the Network by encouraging continued and regular communications among the Participating Institutions and other stakeholders is crucial in sustaining project activities and benefits.
Strategy to sustain the gains/outputs
The Participation Institutions are established centres of excellence which continue to exist beyond the SDBS project. These should therefore be considered in the networking activities of the NBI and encouraged to participate in for a like Nile Basin Development Forum (NBDF). NBI should also work with these institutions, to further disseminate research reports in addition to involving them in SAPs program/project design, as appropriate. In addition, to operationalize the BSF, it is important to complete Stages 2 and 3 of the Framework.