- Institutional Strengthening Project
- Shared Vision Program
- Applied Training Project
- Nile Trans-boundary Environmental Action Program
- Regional Power Trade
- Efficient Use of Water for Agriculture Project
- Water Resources Planning and Management Project
- Socio-Economic Development and Benefit Sharing
- Confidence Building and Stakeholder Involvement Project
- Shared Vision Program Coordination
The Regional Power Trade Project was one of the eight basin wide projects developed under the Shared Vision Program (SVP) of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI). The power sector scoping study established that a more focused and coordinated process for discussing ways to expand power trade would advance the development of power supply infrastructure and facilitate the creation of electricity markets in the region. The creation of such regional electricity markets was expected to play a key role in furthering cooperation among the Nile Basin states and in ensuring that the hydro-power resources of the Nile Basin states are developed and managed in an integrated and sustainable manner. The Project focused on creating a conducive investment climate and delivering against the following key results:
- Providing a platform for continuous dialogue on power development issues for key players in the power sector especially senior officers from relevant government ministries, power utilities – as well as for other initiatives promoting power development in the region.
- Providing tangible results through technical assistance to NBI Member States for achieving compatibility in the policy and regulatory environment, establishing common technical operating standards and access rules, and fostering the appropriate framework within which a power trade regime can evolve.
- Facilitating infrastructure development for power trade by promoting key regional investments, particularly backbone interconnections, in collaboration with the Subsidiary Action Programs (SAPs).
The project stakeholders include members of the Steering Committee (PSC) who provide strategic guidance and direction and members of a Power Technical Committee (PTC) who provide technical guidance to the activities of the project.The Project Management Unit is located in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and sponsored by Development Partners: Norway and Sweden through NBTF managed by the World Bank .
The Regional Power Trade (RPT) Project aimed to facilitate the development of regional power markets among the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) Member States. By assisting the NBI Member States to develop the tools for improving access to reliable, low cost, sustainably generated power, the project is helping to contribute to poverty reduction in the region, over the long term,
Key Outputs/Outcomes Achieved
The Project contributes to the overall NBI results chain through its potential for increasing trans-boundary investments and by enhancing regional cooperation in the power sector. Its main focus was to increase joint and trans-boundary investments in the Nile Basin and enhance basin-wide capabilities and capacities based on best practices, trans-boundary issues in all themes and sectors.
Following the successful implementation of Phase I, the Project was able to:
- Serve as an important platform for Ministers of Energy, Heads of Utilities, and Power Experts to coordinate and discuss issues of regional power development and notably to explore power trade opportunities between and among the NBI Member States.
- Equip power experts in the region with tools and skills to enhance regional cooperation, a better understanding of power trade issues as well as capacity to effectively and efficiently implement and operate regional power projects.
- Define a long term strategy for power development including identification of the necessary institutional, regulatory and legal frameworks and the human capacity requirements by conducting five key studies.
- Develop tools for faster integration of the regional power grids, accelerating power trade between member countries and improving access to reliable, low cost, sustainably generated power.
- Establish strong linkages with other regional initiatives acting within and outside the Nile Basin region through exchange of data and experience thereby enhancing sustainability of the project outputs and outcomes, in addition to optimal utilization of resources.
Phase I of the RPTP has been successfully completed. The Project faced some challenges; and lessons can be drawn from this experience:
- The Quality Cost Based Selection (QCBS) method of procurement requires that adequate time is provided for a work plan and the procurement process should be well documented to facilitate implementation.
- Gathering data and information required to accomplish a study calls for strong commitment and cooperation of all parties.
- The use of Study Working Groups (from among the PTC members and other relevant agencies in the region) was effective in as far as assisting the PMU with the review of study reports and deliverables.
Strategy to sustain the gains/outputs
- Through implementation of Phase II:
- All the studies undertaken under Phase I of the project, as well as those relating to power development programs undertaken by the two Subsidiary Action Programs (SAPs) of NBI will form the starting point for a Comprehensive Basin wide Study.
- The experience and analytical capacity developed among the PTC and the specialists at the PMU is expected to ensure efficient and focused delivery of the second phase; after which the successor institutions e.g. East African Power Project (EAPP), East African Community (EAC) will take over the regional training programs as necessary.
- The Regional Power Sector Data Bank established at the PMU will be a key input to the CBWS (Comprehensive Basin-wide Study) and this data will be uploaded onto the Decision Support System (DSS) of the NBI’s Water Resources Planning and Management (WRPM). It will also be shared with the successor institutions who will eventually take over the maintenance.
- Working Groups established to spearhead the establishment of regional power trade regime will be utilized during Phase II, after which all activities of the Working Groups will be coordinated and supported by the successor institutions, close collaboration with NBI DSS and NBI Knowledge Management Team.
- By other Agencies and Institutions
- The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Framework Guidelines will become part of NBI governments' requirements for power infrastructure development and will be self sustaining through the cooperation of the Environment Agencies and successor institutions.
- Templates of Guiding Principles for Private-Public-Partnership projects and the Compendium of best practices in Hydropower Multipurpose Coordination power infrastructure development packaging will be used by SAPs, NBI Member States and other initiatives promoting power infrastructure development in the region in mobilizing project funding and apportioning/ unpacking costs in hydropower multipurpose project.