- Institutional Strengthening Project
- Shared Vision Program
- Applied Training Project
- Nile Trans-boundary Environmental Action Program
- Regional Power Trade
- Efficient Use of Water for Agriculture Project
- Water Resources Planning and Management Project
- Socio-Economic Development and Benefit Sharing
- Confidence Building and Stakeholder Involvement Project
- Shared Vision Program Coordination
The Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP) was developed under the Shared Vision Program. Its primary goal was to provide a strategic framework for environmentally sustainable development of the Nile River Basin and support basin wide environmental action linked to transboundary issues in the context of the Nile Basin Initiative Strategic Action Program. This project came out of the recognition by NBI Member States that future development of the Nile Basin must be environmentally sustainable. This realization followed a Trans-boundary Environmental Analysis (TEA) carried out by the Nile riparian countries with funding from Global Environment Facility (GEF) resources and support from UNDP and the World Bank. The environmental analysis identified the major environmental threats facing the Nile basin in each of the NBI countries and mapped out actions to address these threats. The project was established to provide an environmental framework of actions to address these threats and support NBI countries in capacity building and enhancing cooperation in the management of the Basin environment.
The was a five years project, with a Project Steering committee made up of the up of the Heads of environmental agencies of the NBI countries, who provided strategic guidance in the implementation of the project while NBI secretariat and UNOPS provided management, finance and administration oversight. The development partners including the World Bank and UNDP GEF provided technical advice and guidance through well planned periodic supervision missions. The project management unit was located in Khartoum Sudan.
To develop a framework of actions on environmental issues in the Nile basin through:-
- Providing a forum to discuss development paths for the Nile
- Improving the understanding of the relationship between water resources management and the environment
- Enhancing basin-wide cooperation on environmental issues among Nile Basin countries.
- Knowledge Management and communication tools produced.
- Institutional setup for project implementation established.
- Trans-boundary studies of macro & sector policies and environment completed
- M&E system put in place.
- Capacities of NGOs and CBOs in addressing environmental threats improved.
- Viable options for community level actions to address Nile environmental threats (in accordance to the relevant GEF focal areas) identified.
- Public awareness on Nile environmental threats improved in NBI Member Countries.
- Networks of secondary schools for projects based learning established and functioning in NBI Member Countries.
- Networking established among universities and other research institutions.
- Regional cooperation enhanced and capacity for conservation and management of wetlands and their biodiversity improved.
- Understanding and awareness of the roles of wetlands in supporting sustainable development is improved.
- Wetlands education and awareness program developed according to needs.
- Pilot initiatives in support of capacity building and wetland management plans implemented.
- Regional working groups for water quality monitoring and wetlands established.
- Awareness on Water Quality issues increased at all levels in Member States.
- Data and information sharing and exchange mechanism developed.
- Capacity of selected laboratories improved.
- Biological monitoring tools pilot tested in the Nile basin.
- Critical evaluation of progress undertaken and recommendations for follow up actions formulated.
Brief of the Outcomes Achieved
The project achievements were responsive to its development objective and contributed to the realization of the overall NBI shared vision. Broad areas of achievements included knowledge products and information generated; Tools like online library; Strategic frameworks like the Environmental Sustainability framework and the water quality monitoring network; Networks of professionals and good will, and institutions; intellectual capital through individuals who were engaged in the projects activities; and assets including water quality equipment, vehicles etc.
Pilot activities at selected trans-boundary sites have demonstrated the feasibility of local-level approaches to land and water conservation, including mitigation actions for soil erosion, non-point source pollution and invasive water weeds. National NGO networks were strengthened and NGO-government collaboration improved. The Micro-grant component included regional institutional strengthening and one set of problem identification and site selection activities that built on the basin-wide trans-boundary environmental analysis. These activities provided the basis for planning and implementing community-level actions that were financed by the micro-grant fund. Special efforts were made to ensure that NGOs and grassroots organizations supported through this program included women’s groups and organizations operating in the region.
Capacity building activities through 7 regional and over 60 national workshops greatly contributed to increased awareness on the environmental threats that face the Basin and in enhancing capacities among NGOs and communities in areas such as small project management and administration, financial management, resources mobilization, participatory monitoring and evaluation. Exchange visits across the basin were instrumental in allowing communities to exchange views on implementation of different environmental mitigation techniques and to understand new approaches to environmental conservation and management.
- The Project management unit and 19 national coordination offices established and functioning in all NB countries
- Macro policy studies completed in eight countries (Burundi, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) with relevant policy recommendations. Key findings compiled in a synthesis report;
- A total of 37 nationally selected environment management projects to support countries at national level approved and under implementation
- A library established at the Project Management Unit (PMU) and furnished with publications on the environment, periodicals as well as CD ROM and connected to the NBI cyber library. In addition, general project, thematic and component level posters, maps, brochures and DVDs produced and disseminated.
- A multimedia, interactive knowledge base, the Nile River Awareness Kit (NRAK) produced in English and French and more than 3500 copies disseminated throughout the NBI countries.
- The environment functions of the permanent Nile basin organizations were formulated on the basis of an assessment made on other basin organizations and discussed at the NBI ISP meetings. The proposed functions were included in the non binding declaration of the Nile Basin Development Forum (NBDF) 2008 endorsed by seven ministers and representatives of the NBI Member States.
- A Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Strategy and Action Plan developed, a Monitoring and Tracking system established, M&E Manuals as well as materials developed and over 250 professional trained on M&E issues.
- Compilation and documentation of over 70 best practice studies conducted in all NBI Member States.
Community level land, Forests & water conservation
- A total of 235 Micro-Grant projects amounting to $5,433,482 approved in all NBI Member States by the national steering committees and a total of $4,506,759 in Micro-Grant funds disbursed in all nine NBI countries.
- Independent national evaluations of the Micro-grants were conducted in all NB countries. The evaluations concluded the program’s relevancy in addressing the needs and aspirations of the communities in the Basin.
- A total of seven regional capacity building workshops in the areas of micro project design, project management, monitoring, evaluation, financial management, watershed management, gender issues, resource mobilization and participatory planning were conducted and over 180 professionals including NTEAP Staff, government staff , NGOs, CBOs benefited.
- More than 800 staff of NGOs, CBOs and government trained during the over 60 national capacity building workshops in the areas of financial management, project design and management, M&E, gender mainstreaming and resource mobilization.
- Three training manuals in M&E for NGOs and CBOs, Capacity Building for Women NGOs and Financial Management for NGOs and CBOs were produced and distributed to selected NGOs in the Nine NBI member countries.
- Three national reports on Soil Erosion problems and mitigation techniques were produced in Ethiopia, Rwanda and Sudan.
Environmental Education &Awareness
- Four regional networks [teachers, practitioners, lecturers and journalists] and a national working group formed in each country and their capacity on trans-boundary EE&A activity planning, implementation and monitoring improved.
- Two trans-boundary awareness models [schools awards scheme and thematic awareness campaigns] were developed and piloted for four years in all NB countries.
- A project based model was piloted in over 90 secondary schools within the basin; this model included 67 school environment teachers and students’ capacity building, learning materials development and an awards scheme.
- Both electronic and print awareness materials produced and capacity built for practitioners within the basin. A manual on awareness materials development was published.
- A Masters students’ exchange program piloted. 10 students were supported in conducting their research within the Nile Basin.
- A university level course framework developed and adopted in over 15 universities within the basin.
Wetlands &Biodiversity Component
- A regional wetlands and biodiversity working group that consists of two members from each country established. The working group will be sustained as the NileWet and has been recognized by the Ramsar Convention Secretariat.
- A Regional Wetlands strategy that addresses priority actions for the management of wetlands and their biodiversity in the Nile basin in the next six years prepared.
- Education, training and awareness materials emphasizing the trans-boundary aspects of the Nile Basin conservation developed for primary, secondary and tertiary education institutions as well as for communities and policy makers in the Nile Basin;
- Two in-depth studies on Biodiversity, Wetlands and Water Quality at two sites (Lake Tana and Lake Cyohoha) within the Nile basin conducted.
- Over 50 wetlands officers and staff trained in ‘wetlands management’ and ‘wetland policy’ enhancement skills.
- Inventory and mapping for the wetlands and biodiversity hotspots of the Nile basin completed.
Water Quality Monitoring component
- Trans-boundary network of water quality sampling stations established and strategy for making it functional approved by NBI Member States.
- Provided skills in the production of awareness material in addition to identifying awareness material for further production and dissemination by countries.
- Dissemination campaigns including workshops and production of awareness materials held in six countries.
- Four Water Quality Management (WQM) manuals developed, finalized and formally piloted in five countries
- A total of 44 sampling stations and 13 parameters selected and quarterly sampling frequency agreed upon by the Water Quality Working Group (WQWG).
- Draft Procedures on Water quality Data and Information Sharing prepared.
- One regional and nine national capacity assessment reports produced.
- Focal labs selected and equipment provided to all NBI Member Countries
- Training on water quality measurements held and lab managers of NBI Focal Labs introduced to Trans-boundary Water Quality Management issues.
- Two regional Trainings on Biological Water Quality Management held and Tools piloted.
- Nile trans-boundary Water quality Monitoring Strategy developed.
- A draft proposal on the role of the Water Quality component in the permanent NBI institution and a proposal on the Component’s Phase–out and sustainability plan prepared.
- Public awareness among both the international community and the public can be achieved through a high-profile project launch event and an extensive program of basin and international travels conducted by the project staff.
- Missions to the NBI countries and participatory monitoring approaches have enhanced cooperation among professionals and government agencies. The NTEAP and the NBI as a whole have much better visibility now; the various meetings held have helped in enhancing the capacities of member countries environment agencies and communities. The objectives of the NBI and NTEAP are better known by stakeholders. Cooperation between NTEAP & stakeholders was strengthened through country visits, meetings, project newsletter and webpage.
- The UNOPS budget disbursement procedures have been very lengthy and needed adaptation in terms of project implementation in the rural parts of the NBI countries;
- In a regional and multi-country setting both project set-up pace and implementation pace varies from country to country and requires flexibility in project design and implementation.
- Disbursement mechanisms need to be built into the task of designing and implementing National Eligible Projects to ensure that implementation can proceed in a timely manner. Trans-boundary exchange visits are important as they provide the participants with an opportunity to learn from the experiences of other countries and to share their own experiences.
- The two piloted models on trans-boundary awareness raising, managed to engage all countries at the same time. This enhanced communities’ understanding on trans-boundary nature of the environment threats.
- Development of environmental education learning materials to be incorporated into the curriculum is a government controlled process. Sensitization of the curriculum development centers to elicit need is the best approach as exemplified by Burundi and DR Congo.
- Through the capacity development program in the regional wetlands and biodiversity working group, recognition has increased for the need for coordination on wetlands and biodiversity management activities across the Nile Basin Initiative.
- Packaging information (generated from site studies and rapid assessments) for management and dissemination is a critical part of knowledge sharing (much of this information already existed but had not been packaged for broader use). Reports show that there are many options for investments that have not been exploited in terms of wetlands and biodiversity in the Nile basin and this needs to be refocused in order to address poverty reduction and MDGs.
- Developing linkages of experts, networks, and teams is critical for sharing information and experiences and to the future of environmental management in the Nile Basin.
Strategy to sustain the gains/outputs
NTEAP will attempt to sustain its products/activities beyond the life time of the project through a national or regional institution.
Assets will were handed over to NTEAP host institutions or the anticipated River Basin Organization (RBO) or NBI office.
All documents, reports and studies were handed over to the respective countries with copies to the NBI.
At the national level, activities will be taken over by the host institutions. Egypt has pledged to support the work of the regional water quality monitoring working group. In Sudan national microfinance institution established within the banking sector will continue implementing micro grants projects. Such country championship for the various outputs of NTEAP are encouraged.