Nile Cooperation Opportunities &Challenges

The Paper provides an overview of the Nile Basin, including hydrological, social, economic, geopolitical, environmental, developmental and historical contexts. In addition, it examines and discusses salient socio-economic and environmental opportunities within the basin that can help meeting the development aspirations of basin citizens. It looks at the implications for Nile cooperation of key trade-offs that countries need to consider and the risks they might face as a result of non-cooperation. The Paper also addresses appropriate management and mitigation measures that can help optimize the use of the shared water resources and it considers how the future might unfold given all the changes that are happening in the Nile Basin, and what might be done to reinforce the need to coordinate development activities.

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