- Institutional Strengthening Project
- Shared Vision Program
- Applied Training Project
- Nile Trans-boundary Environmental Action Program
- Regional Power Trade
- Efficient Use of Water for Agriculture Project
- Water Resources Planning and Management Project
- Socio-Economic Development and Benefit Sharing
- Confidence Building and Stakeholder Involvement Project
- Shared Vision Program Coordination
The Nile Basin Sustainability Framework (NBSF) has been developed from this Shared Vision to provide a conceptual structure and organisational mechanism for achieving sustainability. It was prepared under the direction of the Nile Basin Initiative Secretariat (Nile-SEC) and is the result of an extensive participatory process of consultations (the Nile Basin Initiative, NBI, is defined in the glossary section). At the end of the formulation process, the Framework was appraised by the Nile Technical Advisory Committee (Nile-TAC) and approved by the Nile Basin Council of Ministers of Water (Nile-COM). The NBSF follows the definition of sustainable development adopted by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.
The NBSF is a strategic planning tool that seeks to: (a) ensure that all relevant guiding policies and strategies needed to support the Subsidiary Action Program (SAP) investment projects are available in a timely manner; (b) promote the consideration of the transboundary dimension in riparian states’ approaches to water resources management; and (c) provide direction in some aspects of the cooperative management and development of the river basin until a permanent River Basin Organisation (RBO) is established.
The NBSF is not to be confused with the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) - the overarching legal instrument that spells out the scope and terms of the use and cooperative management, development and protection of the Nile water resources and provides for the establishment of the Nile River Basin Commission. The NBSF, which is a suite of policies, strategies and guidelines, only functions as a guide. Despite preceding the entry into force of the CFA, the NBSF will not pre-empt the definition of terms, and preparation of detailed guidelines, policies, rules and procedures expected under the CFA. The overriding consideration in the formulation of the NBSF has been the desire to meet international best practice in selected areas of transboundary water resources management. As a consequence of the nature of the NBSF (i.e. not being based on a treaty), it is limited in its applicability to NBI programmes and activities.
Using the NBSF to guide the sustainable development and management of the Nile Basin will bring considerable benefits to the NBI member states. It will allow for joint actions that increase mutual trust and promote a deepening of riparian states’ cooperation. The NBSF will also create a climate of certainty, minimise risk and improve confidence of investors, thereby increasing the ability of the NBI to mobilise much-needed investment capital for the management and development of the river basin. The NBSF will achieve this by demonstrating to national governments and the international community that the NBI has a systematic approach for dealing with sustainable development issues.
Structure of the Framework
The NBSF comprises of an overall goal, broad objectives, Key Strategic Directions (KSDs) and desired outcomes. The overall goal of the NBSF is derived from the Shared Vision and will be realised through five broad objectives. For each broad objective, a desired outcome has been defined. The Framework also has KSDs, which are the thematic areas under which interventions relating to the broad objectives are grouped. The KSDs (see Chapter 3) together define the broad boundaries of the NBSF.
Proposed interventions under the KSDs mainly comprise of policies, strategies and guidelines (see Chapter 3 below; and No. 2.1 page 2 of the Technical Annexes). They are selected on a basis of relevance to the key sustainability challenges in the basin, ability to support the SAPs to identify,prepare and implement transboundary investment projects, feasibility (considering the time, human, financial and other constraints faced by the NBI), and likelihood to produce a large positive impact. Time frames have been set for accomplishing proposed interventions (see No. 5 page 9 of the Technical Annexes). The proposed dates should be treated as best estimates that are open to adjustment depending on prevailing circumstances. The policies and strategies are expected to create an enabling environment within which other concrete actions can be taken to achieve sustainable socio-economic development in the riparian countries.
To enable Nile Basin countries consolidate the achievements of the past years of cooperation and move systematically
towards realisation of shared vision through strategic actions derived from mutually agreed policies, strategies and guidelines
that focus on identified development priorities for the Nile Basin
- To facilitate and contribute to socio-economic development, poverty reduction and improvement of livelihoods of riparian communities through equitable utilisation and sustainable development of the common Nile basin water resources.
- To facilitate and contribute to efficient management of the Nile water resources drawing on principles of integrated resources management (IWRM), and good practices in transboundary water resources management.
- To facilitate and contribute to wise use of sustainable management of the environment and water-related natural resource of the Nile Basin.
- To facilitate the main streaming of climatic change adaption and mitigation measures in the development and manageme of Nile water resources, and support Nile Basin countries in dealing with issues of climate variability and change.
- To augment the efforts at achieving basin sustainability through facilitating selected cross-cutting activities that support the sustainable management and development of water and environmental resources of the Nile Basin.
- Enhance social-economic development, reduced poverty and improved livelihoods for riparian communities from equitable utilisation and sustainable development of the common Nile Basin water resources.
- Improved efficiency in the management and utilisation of the water resources achieved through the application of principles of integrated water resources management (IWRM) and good practices in transboundary water management.
- Sustainable and well-managed watershades, aquatic ecosystem and water-related natural resources of the Nile Basin.
- Reduced impact of climate change and variability on water resources, aquatic ecosystems, water-related infrastructure livelihoods of riparian communities, and the general social economic development of the basin.
- Increased sustainability of NBI activities achieved through more effective communication, greater stakeholder participate gender mainstreaming, capacity building and improved resource mobilisation.
Key Strategic Directions
- Water-related socio-economic development
- Water resources planning and management
- Environmental and water-related natural resources management
- Climate change adaption and mitigation