Analysis of Cross-border Trade in Agricultural Products along Selected Corridors of the Nile Basin Region

Achievement of broad based and sustainable economic growth in the region has been elusive largely
due to challenges relating to: the poor state of infrastructure; underdevelopment of agriculture arising
from low investments in the sector, low use of productivity enhancing inputs, particularly improved
seeds and fertilizer, and over-reliance on rain-fed production; policy related issues such as low
institutional capacity for implementation, corruption and policy reversals; persistence of non-tariff trade
barriers; vulnerability to external shocks; and, poor coordination of preparation and response to natural

This project was designed to assess and analyze the trade flows for three commodity clusters in five
trade corridors: grains (Tanzania-Burundi-DRC and Tanzania-Kenya-Uganda-South Sudan corridors),
fruits and vegetables (Burundi-Rwanda-Uganda-Kenya corridor) and live livestock (Ethiopia-Kenya
and Ethiopia-Sudan-Egypt corridors). The aim of the project was to highlight the opportunities and
constraints to trade and their determinants such as types of infrastructure, commodity attributes (e.g.
structure and distribution of production and consumption), market structure and policy/regulatory

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